Restaurants typically use the following food type classifications:
Vegetarian: This refers to dishes that do not contain any meat or fish, but may include eggs and dairy products.
Vegan: A vegan food type refers to any food that is free from animal products or by-products. A vegan diet excludes all forms of meat (including poultry, beef, pork, and seafood), dairy products (such as milk, cheese, and butter), eggs, honey, and any other ingredients derived from animals.
However, there is a wide variety of plant-based foods that vegans can enjoy. These include fruits, vegetables, legumes (such as beans, lentils, and chickpeas), grains (like rice, quinoa, and oats), nuts, seeds, plant-based oils, herbs, and spices. Additionally, there are numerous vegan alternatives available in the market that mimic the taste and texture of animal-based products, such as plant-based milk (like almond milk or soy milk), tofu, tempeh, seitan, plant-based cheeses, and vegan meat substitutes made from ingredients like soy, wheat gluten, or pea protein.
Vegan diets can be nutritionally balanced and provide all the necessary nutrients when properly planned to ensure adequate intake of protein, vitamins (such as B12), minerals (like iron and calcium), and essential fatty acids. Many people choose a vegan lifestyle for ethical, environmental, and health reasons.
Gluten-free: This refers to dishes that do not contain any gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye that can be problematic for people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity.
Dairy-free: This refers to dishes that do not contain any dairy products, including milk, cheese, and butter.
Kosher: This refers to food that is prepared according to Jewish dietary laws.
Halal: This refers to food that is prepared according to Islamic dietary laws.
Restaurants may also offer other food type classifications based on specific dietary restrictions or preferences, such as low-carb, low-fat, and sugar-free options.